In 2006, the Dependency Law was approved. With it, it was intended to regulate the basic conditions for the promotion of personal autonomy and care for people in situations of dependency through the creation of a System for Autonomy and Care for Dependence (SAAD).
In this way, all those people who were in a situation that limited their autonomy in some way, could benefit from a dependency assistance system. Let's see in more detail what the dependency law consists of, what types of aid and services it covers and how I can access it.
What is the Law of Dependence
As we have indicated, this legislation was born to cover people who are limited in the development of basic activities of daily life. These standardized activities through this law They refer to everyday situations such as bathing, dressing, mobility difficulties, continence or feeding.
The degrees of dependence
In order to catalog the degree of support required by the person, the law differentiates between three levels:
- Grade I. Moderate dependence: when the person needs help to perform several basic activities of daily life, at least once a day or has intermittent or limited support needs for their personal autonomy.
- Grade II Severe dependence: when the person needs help to perform several basic activities of daily life two or three times a day, but does not want the permanent support of a caregiver or has extensive support needs for their personal autonomy.
- Grade III. Great dependence: when the person needs help to perform several basic activities of daily life several times a day and, because of their total loss of physical, mental, intellectual or sensory autonomy, needs the indispensable and continuous support of another person or has general support needs for your personal autonomy.
Some time ago we saw the help available for those people with degrees of disability or disability of 33% and 65% or permanent disability, what they are and how they can be requested.
After making an assessment of the person, the degree of dependency is determined and, depending on the same, the type of aid or benefits to which it may be entitled. This is reflected in the PIA, Individual Care Plan.
Types of aids available
There are basically two types of aid to which we can welcome.
On one side, services that help the person. Within these services, we find those that are developed within the home and that are intended to maintain the maximum autonomy of the person. These services are:
- Telecare Service
- Home help service
- Attention to the needs of the home.
- Personal care
On the other hand, others are offered services that take place outside the home. Their purpose is that those persons in moderate levels of dependence delay as much as possible the deterioration that usually leads to the situation. Here we find:
- Day and Night Center Service:
- Day Center for the elderly
- Day Center for children under 65
- Specialized Day Care Center
- Night Center
- Residential Service:
- Residence of elderly people in situations of dependency.
- Center of attention to people in situation of dependency, in reason of the different types of disability.
Economic benefits available
Also exist economic benefits in the dependency law. These benefits have several categories according to the purpose of the benefit, that is, to what the aid is intended:
1. Economic benefit linked to the service
It is a benefit that will be periodic and that will be recognized depending on the degree of dependence and the economic capacity of the beneficiary. The purpose is to hire a service that aims to improve the conditions of the person's daily life.
2. Economic benefit for care in the family environment and support for non-professional caregivers
When the beneficiary is being cared for by their family environment, recognition of an economic benefit for family care can be requested. The person who appears as a caregiver must be registered with the Social Security.
3. Economic benefit of personal assistance
Its purpose is to facilitate the hiring of a personal assistance, during a number of hours, that facilitates the person's access to a more autonomous life in the exercise of the basic activities of daily life.
The amounts of benefits vary depending on the degree of dependence, but range between about € 150 and € 700 approximately.
How can I access the dependency law?
In order to benefit from it, you must request an initial assessment through the social services of your locality. In addition, you must submit a medical report and several documents as the DNI or the registration certificate.
The dependency law is managed by administrations at the regional level, therefore it varies according to residences in one city or another of the Spanish territory. Our recommendation is that you contact your general practitioner or the social worker of the health center so he can guide you.
Who can apply for the dependency?
Any person of Spanish nationality and resident in Spanish territory, and who is declared dependent. The law defines dependence as the state of permanent character of people who, for reasons derived from age, illness or disability, and linked to the lack or loss of physical, mental, intellectual or sensory autonomy, they require the attention of another or other people or important aids to perform basic activities of daily life or, in the case of people with intellectual disability or mental illness, of other supports for their personal autonomy.
How long does it take to grant the benefits or benefits?
From the request to the recognition and resolution of the PIA several months may pass. Since it was launched, it has undergone several modifications and the high level of requests has caused the competent administrations to suffer delays. Today it is difficult to give a specific deadline, because each autonomous community regulates it in a concrete way, but usually 6 months is usually a minimum term.
Can I modify the PIA?
Yes. As the circumstances of the beneficiaries vary, we can request a change in the PIA or a revision, which allows the service or benefit to be adapted to the new situation.
Is there any incompatibility?
According to the legislation, economic benefits will be incompatible with each other, as will services. Except telecare service that will be compatible with all except the residential care service.
Remember that if you have any questions regarding the aid to the dependency you can make them in our forum, other users and experts will answer all your questions.