One of the greatest difficulties that a person faces when arriving in a new country with the intention of living and working in it is obtaining the necessary permits. There are different cases of aid to returned emigrants or general aid to which migrants can be accommodated. Therefore, today we see them in detail.
Increasingly, whether by political, economic or climatic causes and conflicts in different areas of the world, we find people looking to rebuild their lives elsewhere, hoping to improve your chances. This, many times, causes us to encounter problems when assuming these migratory flows. Therefore, it seeks to promote aid to immigrants without papers in order to try to make this complex trance an easier situation to cope with.
Let's review what aid exists for immigrants who they still do not have the authorization to reside or work In our country.
“In other articles we refer to the qualification that there are no aid for immigrants as such. But it is true that given the special circumstance faced by a person without papers, in an illegal situation, there are some concrete supports. ”
Aid for paperless immigrants
Let's see, now yes, what help these people can take advantage of.
1. International protection and asylum
There are people who require international protection because they are vulnerable. They can't stay in their home country but they can't stay in another country just like that.
This protection and asylum service is made up of a network of reception centers that are publicly owned, the so-called Refugee Shelter Centers (CAR). In addition, it is complemented by specific care programs, subsidized for this purpose by the Directorate General for Migration and managed by UNHCR, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
The CARs are public establishments destined to provide accommodation, maintenance and urgent and primary psychosocial assistance, as well as other social services aimed at facilitating coexistence and integrating in the community people seeking asylum in Spain or obtaining refugee or displaced status in Spain and that they lack the financial means to meet their needs and those of their family.
They sayrigid people who have requested international protection in Spain, lack of work, etc. The maximum stay in these centers will be a maximum of six months, and must be requested through the General Sub-Directorate of Immigrant Integration.
2. Humanitarian Attention
The humanitarian assistance program is directed to address the state of need of vulnerable immigrants due to the physical deterioration and the lack of social, family and economic support and that reach the Spanish coast or form part of settlements that involve serious social and health risks and require immediate action programs for their correction.
This program is managed through the General Secretariat of Immigration and Emigration and is implemented with its own means, through the Temporary Immigrant Stay Centers (CETI), located in Ceuta and Melilla and through specialized non-profit social entities, which are subsidized by the General Directorate of Migration. Also the Foreigner Internment Centers fit here, but depend on the Ministry of Interior.
What these resources do is facilitate reception and care for people who are in a situation of basic need, in order to benefit from them, they must be derived from organizations authorized as the Red Cross.
These Two grants depend directly on the Ministry of Labor, Migration and Social Security, and perform support during the process of regularization of the person in our country. It's important to put attention on For any aid or basic income, a foreigner identification number (NIE) will be required and must be issued by the Police.
It is also it is essential to be registered in a specific residence to be able to receive any kind of help, and to have an address through which the corresponding administration can contact you.
It is important that when entering Spain, find the way to regularize our situation. Either by asylum, or by family reunification or social roots. It is important to be able target entities such as the Red Cross, ACCEM or CEPAIM, who will be the first to provide guidance for your special situation. In cases of extreme need, Caritas can be a good resource for specific help.